With warmer days around the corner, it is time to get informed on the dangers of sun damage to your skin. We all know that the immediate danger of too much sun is sunburn. If you look at sunburned skin under a microscope you would see that the cells and blood vessels have started to become damaged. After repeated sun damage, the skin can even start to look dry, wrinkled and discolored. Although it may appear that the skin thicker, it has actually weakened and, as a result can bruise more easily.
While sunburn is the first cause of damage to your skin, the most serious threat is skin cancer, which has recently become the most common of all cancers. About 3.5 million cases of skin cancer are diagnosed in the United States each year. Melanoma, a more dangerous type of skin cancer, accounted for more than 73,000 skin cancer cases in 2015. However, doctors strongly believe that skin cancer is the most avoidable with proper sun damage prevention.
Over the years you may have been taught that your body needs sunlight to make Vitamin D because it is not found naturally in most foods. While this used to be true, many foods today are actually fortified with Vitamin D during the manufacturing process. Therefore, sun exposure is not as important for the body’s vitamin D supply as it used to be. Of course being outdoors makes most people feel good, so we spend hours out in the sun. But you still need to protect yourself from the sun’s damaging effects while enjoying yourself outdoors.
Here are some skin care tips you want to focus on when planning for your days out under the sun.
Wear tightly-woven clothing that blocks out light. Here is a test: Place your hand between a single layer of the clothing and a light source. If you can see your hand through the fabric, that garment is offering little to no protection.
A sun protection factor or SPF or at least 15 blocks 93% of UV rays. To guard against skin cancer you want to block both UVA and UVB rays. Therefore when applying sunscreen be sure to follow the application directions printed on the bottle.
Wear A Hat
Through on a wide brimmed sun hat when you know you will be spending hours under the hot sun. A wise brim is preferred because it protects the neck, ears, eyes, forehead, nose and even scalp.
Wear UV shades
UV blocking sunglasses are important for protecting the delicate skin around the eyes as well as the eyes themselves. Research has shown that long hours in the sun without proper eye protection can increase your chances of developing certain eyes diseases. However, this does not mean that you need to go out and purchase expensive sunglasses. All they need to do is block 99-100% of UVA and UVB radiation to be effective.
Sun protection is essential to skin cancer prevention. Educate yourself on the dangers of sun damage and use these tips are a starting point for proper sun protection.